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Volume 67 Issue 1 January 2017

A blueprint and justification for future Russian expansion was signed on January 30th, 1667.

The Byzantine Empire's ban on the veneration of icons died with its last iconoclast emperor on January 20th, 842.

The frontiersman and showman died on January 10, 1917.

As interesting as counterfactualism may be, we must be careful with its use. Paul Dukes warns against placing undue reliance on what might happen at the expense of what did.  

The Battle of Culloden, which vanquished for good Jacobite claims to the British throne, is a much mythologised and misunderstood event. Murray Pittock cuts through the fog of war to find out what really happened in April 1746.   

The ideas of a French philosopher provided the great Egyptian novelist with a way of assessing the good and the bad in his nation’s past, writes Alexander Lee.

Kate Wiles on a 'map to the stars', designed to promote a Los Angeles neighbourhood to Hollywood's new celebrities.

Medieval understanding of the soul and the body meant that a saintly life was a life of physical restrictions. Katherine Harvey explores the extreme suffering bishops put themselves through, from weeping and celibacy to starvation and, sometimes, death.

Christopher Harding profiles Natsume Sōseki, ‘Japan’s Charles Dickens’, whose visit to London at the turn of the 20th century suggested ways of successfully combining western industrialism with ‘Japanese Spirit’.

Franco’s 1939 victory in the Spanish Civil War saw half a million refugees head north to France. They would be followed by many more in a decade of disaster, writes Larry Hannant.

A diplomat representing Franco’s Spain and his accomplice, an Italian Fascist, became unlikely saviours of Jews stranded amid the horrors of the Hungarian capital during the Second World War, says Robert Philpot.

In the post-Taliban era, Afghanistan is seeking unifying national heroes from its past. But, as David Loyn explains, agreement on who should be celebrated is hard to reach. 

Attitudes to female sexuality in the 19th century were rigid and unflinching and those who failed to conform were ostracised and persecuted. Victoria Leslie compares how fallen women were portrayed in the arts with the real stories of those who ‘fell’. 

Winning the vote for women brought new energy to campaigns for social and political equality. Joanne Smith looks at the remarkable flowering of women’s associations in Britain during the 20th century.

When Joe Biden said ‘God save the Queen’, was he heralding the end of the republic?

Churchill’s vision of Britain’s role in the world may provide the key to Brexit.

History on television is long overdue a radical rethink.

The beginning of another year provides Eleanor Parker with an opportunity to reflect on a meditation on time that combines exquisite Old English poetry with early medieval science.  

Violence and expansion were integral to the armed bureaucracy that played a crucial role in the early days of Empire.

The choice of the dollar as the international reserve currency was controversial but practical.

The fates of powerful women in modern Uzbek politics echo the events of 1,000 years ago. 

Divisive political debate is nothing new. In the popular new alehouses of the 17th century, it could end in fisticuffs – even death.

Soon after arriving behind enemy lines, in France in 1943, special agent Harry Ree heard the engines of 165 RAF Halifax bombers overhead. Their...

The 19th is the most Janus-faced of centuries. The 100 years that separated the devastation of the Napoleonic Wars from the industrialised killing...

Lyndal Roper’s superb new biography of Martin Luther sums her subject up beautifully: Luther is, she notes, a ‘difficult hero’. The German monk...