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Peru

In certain parts of Spanish America today O’Higgins is a name still remembered and honoured to an extent that would surprise the great majority of Irishmen who have never heard of the once famous Viceroy of Peru or of his son, the founder of Chilean independence.

At a low point in his fortunes, the Liberator sent an emissary to recruit troops in London. Philip Ziegler describes how their achievements were of various importance, but the flame of Simón Bolivar’s British Legion lives on.

John R. Fisher describes how, in 1780, a descendant of the Incas launched a revolt against the Spanish Empire in Peru.

George Woodcock describes how the destruction of the Inca economy brought untold suffering to their former subjects; and there were many Indian revolts, brutally crushed by the Spaniard, during the course of the next two centuries.

Derek Severn recounts how, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a priest from Bohemia served the Society of Jesus in the more remote parts of Brazil and Peru.

C.A. Burland describes the highly developed, sprawling and ancient Incan civilisation in the years preceding its conquest by the Spanish seaborne empire.

José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence from Spain on July 28th, 1821. 

Hiram Bingham re-discovered the 'lost' city of the Incas on July 24th, 1911.

Peter Furtado visits some remarkable sites rivalling Machu Picchu, the endangered Inca hilltop city which was recently voted one of the seven wonders of the world.

Meriel Larken takes the helm of the Yavari, a Victorian ship plying the highest navigable lake in the world.