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Timeline: The Holy Roman Empire

Though it may have been ‘neither Holy, Roman, nor an Empire’ (at least according to Voltaire), the Holy Roman Empire embodied the idea of a unified European project for more than a millennium. Our interactive timeline gives a brief overview of the Empire's history, from its formation on Christmas Day, 800, to its dissolution by Francis II in 1806.

For more on the Holy Roman Empire, make sure to read the cover story in the April issue of History Today, in which Peter Wilson explores the Empire's history, and what it reveals about the future of Europe. The April issue is available to download now via the History Today app; the print magazine will be published on March 24th.